April 2019
Leaders of many countries, think tanks and institutions head from all over the world are gathered in Beijing and they are talking on the China Road and Belt project. This is a time when the project is also criticized.

Belt and Road Initiative

And it appears that the Chinese leadership is trying to overcome their international concerns through the Belt and Road Forum. We will review how China is removing these concerns from the ongoing session of this forum.

The belt and road initiative is also known as "One Belt and One Road", the century's biggest development plan from China, under which more than 66 countries are added on a commercial basis. According to the World Bank report, this project will match the world's third-party population, which includes at least one-third of the total domestic production.

President Xi Jinping announced the widespread plan in 2013, which is built at the ancient step of the ancient Silk. Its groundwater route has been named 'Silk Road Economic Belt', which leads to Europe by connecting China to various countries in Asia through different road and railway routes.

An important part of these rallies is China Economic Summit, which is worth the US $ 62 billion from Gwadar to Khunjerab. The second aspect of this is the "Maritime Silk Road", which runs across the globe, including Africa and South Asia, which adopts a naval route.

What is the purpose of the Belt and Road project?

What is included in the Belt and Road project and its purpose, many experts have tried to describe it in their own way. But at least it is agreed that these economic rallies include trade, transportation, energy, investment, cultural exchange and other basic economic structures.

China's economy is currently the second largest economy of the world after the United States, but if the power is to be bought by purchase, it is the largest.

The countries which are joining the China Belt and Road project, the majority of the developing countries, who look at the project as an important opportunity for development in the local economy.

However, there are no such statistical figures in this regard to prove whether China's project has achieved goals in expectations of these countries or not, but in many other countries of the world, reservations are also found on the project. And it seems that the Chinese President has tried to remove his concerns in addressing the other Belt and Road Forum in Beijing.

What is Belt and Road Forum 2019?

According to analyst Prof. Dr Ejaz Hussain, this is a multi-purpose forum, aimed at convinced countries around the world to become a part of the Belt and Road project, besides projection and promotion of the project.

The third objective and purpose of the project is to strengthen relations with the countries already added. The first belt and road forum were held in Beijing in 2017, which came from the United Nations Secretary-General, including heads of various countries.

The world's 122 countries and 49 global organizations are also part of this important forum. The main objective of the forum is that China's project should not only be promoted worldwide but also to be included in it by adding it.

Therefore, a glimpse of Chinese attempts to remove other countries' reservations has also appeared in the Chinese President's speech. Apart from this three-day Forum of Belt and Road 2019, there are 37 headquartered in Beijing besides Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dr Mahatir Muhammad and Russia's President Vladimir Putin.

World Conservation and China's Standards

Senior journalists Khaliq Kayani says, "Global powers are opposing the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) globally, although the countries involved in it support it. And one reason for the opposition is to try to establish its influence on China's global level.

China's Belt and Road project is criticized to spread its political, economic and military power, and Developing countries will be under its debt. Due to this criticism, China has started using the name "Belt and Road" instead of "One Belt and One Road" for this project.

Debt Embassy

According to experts, the aim of the project is to create global trade contacts through various infrastructure projects involved in it. Therefore, in many countries, in the case of loans, trains, roads and ports are being kept the secret so that investment paths should be opened there.

The United States has been criticizing China's economic policies and Planes, and this project also deals with 'short term benefits and long-term dependence on China'. The US also named Belt & Road's project on the basis of Depreciation of Loans or Dirty Diplomacy.

According to experts, many countries that are also part of this project are now working carefully, and Sri Lanka's example is given in this regard. Journalist Khaliq Kayani says Sri Lanka is suffering from this situation when it had control of one port in China in 2017 completely because Sri Lanka could not return external debt on time.

They say this opinion is found in some countries globally that 'China lays up, it raises its influence and then occupies their assets. As happened in the case of Sri Lanka and the US got the honey to accuse him of debt. That is why it depends on the member countries that they are taking on loan terms.

Prof. Dr Ejaz Hussain says, he does not agree with the issue of Dirty Diplomacy. Because of fact, China's debt in Sri Lanka was less than two percent and more than ten percent of Europe. Right now, this project is in the process of completion, and it will not be accurate for such a few years to come as long as its consequences are not brought.

Even Chinese debt in Pakistan is only two to three percent, if we run our economy properly, the loan can be back by itself. For example, Malaysia did not borrow that which he thought he would not be able to return, and so on, Pakistan did not even sign the agreements where he was not satisfied.

Experts believe that through this forum, the World community wants to assure that the Belt and Road is a comprehensive project and it can not be denied the possibility of showing flexibility regarding the return of the poor countries.

Although the Chinese president did not name the US or Europe in his address, he could get the impression of his country. A few hours before his address, US President Donald Trump said that the Chinese President will soon visit the United States.

Belt and Road Forum Biological impact

Some countries also consider this project as an attempt to establish a geopolitical influence from China. This impression is also being tried in this forum. One is also argued that China can solve complicated geopolitical problems through money. China does not call it a Geo-Strategic Plan, according to China, it is a part of these efforts, which aims to create a community in the world that is the future of all humanity.

President Xi Jinping also addressed the opening session of the forum that "Economic cooperation and free trade agreements are needed to achieve the common goal of peace and prosperity, while the Belt and Road Forum provides equal opportunities to all countries.

Between the concerns that China could not fulfil the claims of reforms, President Xi Jinping said China is crucial to its promises and responsibilities. He said that China is ready to import more agricultural products and services from overseas to establish a trade balance.

While China gives special attention to the implementation of two-way and multi-business and economic agreements with other parties.

India is not included in the forum

India did not participate in this forum, though the trade volume between India and China is particularly large. But according to experts, Belt and Road project which would particularly strengthen China in the region, will further strengthen the position of China on the water and its flagship plan namely CPEC, are elements that have Indian reservations.

Apart from this, India is also keen on reaching China's markets on priority basis and privileges. Professor. Dr Ejaz Hussain says India has internal problems. India's trade volume with China has crossed the $80 billion annual years, but it is also China's largest share.

India wants some privilege in this matter and wants to take part in it. India wants its products and companies to reach Chinese markets. India is also facing the matter of Pakistan, besides China's strongness in South China waters and China's big power in South Asia also seems to be against its own interests.

To make neighbour a beggar is not China's policy

As China's belt and road forum meeting in Beijing talked about 'joint development' instead of more investments and focused on removing criticism and suspicions on the Multi-billion dollar project. Chinese President in his speech said that China will not give up the value of the currency and will strengthen its stability and that China does not believe to make neighbour a beggar policy.

Many countries, including America, believe that China's economic package will only benefit China. While China has tried to reject this impression in this forum.

President Xi Jinping did not mention the "commercial war" with the US, in a clear statement that this project is not just for China. He said "Belt and Road is not a discrimination club," it will not only benefit from China's interest but all its partners because China believes in continuous consultation, harmony and transparency with its partners.

According to Professor Dr Ejaz Hussain, during the address of this belt and road forum, China has given a clear impression that he also wants to import, and it is not his weakness, it is part of his diplomacy. China's foreign policy is part of the imports.

Will America ever become a part of it?

Dr Ejaz Hussain says, America is the first to be a 'trump management policy', America is growing toward protecting, while China sees 'globalization' in the economy. The reason behind the continued commercial war between America and China is that America wants its products to reach European, Chinese and other global markets.

He says, At present, America is a country that China wants it to be part of One Belt and One Road, while India's involvement in South Asia is also important, but currently there are concerns of these two countries. It is also expected that in the coming years, both of these countries can become part of its agreement in some way.

Maritime Silk Road and the South China Sea

Talking about in the South China Sea, Khaliq Kayani says that China is a growing power. There is no problem, it is line-of-communication, there is trade, there are only concerns. There are such statements for power checking, China is making its boundaries and the US and other countries express their concerns over China.

China is going to increase sea power and some other countries have reservations on it. He says that China is the biggest power in the region, and India and America have strong ties to prevent it. China recognizes its competitors, but in terms of economy, cooperation in both countries is going on.

It is clear that this marine part spread over 3.5 million square kilometres is one of the world's largest naval trade routes. However, there are many countries, including China, on the boundaries of the island and water present here.

China calls them their own property, while the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan consider these different islands as their own property. The proposed routes to the maritime silk route can also be intensely intact, while many circles also say that this project containing opportunities for this joint interest can also end this problem.
You should drink well. Every day eight glasses or two litres of water should be drunk.  If we ask for such advice, we all meet. But such ideas are not always about water. Drinking more water was considered bad at the beginning of the nineteenth century.

Per Day Water Drinking

Drinking more water to the upper class of the society used to be an insult. They thought that stuffing the belly with water is the work of the poor. They used to think about their own kindness.

However, today the water is boiled well around the world. The demand for bottled water in the United States has increased even more than Sudan. People in Pakistan and India are drinking water well. It is also possible that day and night people are advised to drink water.

Drinking more water is being told the reason for good health and beautiful skin. Apart from this, cancer and weight loss prescriptions are also common due to excessive water.

The question is, where does the tradition of drinking eight glasses each day started? Because sometimes research or a scientist did not claim it. In 1945, the Food and Nutrition Board of National Research Council in the United States advised elders that they should drink one ml of water to digest every calorie.

This means that if you have two thousand calories in the day, then you should drink two litres of water. Men carrying loose calories should drink more than two litres of water.

It simply does not include simple water. Rather, there is water similar to fruits, vegetables and other drinks. Fruits and vegetables can be up to 98% of water. In addition, there is no doubt that water is very important for the body.

The total weight of our body is water only. Water plays an important role in removing the bad elements from the body. We exit the water from sweat, urine and respiratory water. It is very important that we do not let the body lose water.

Warm about water

The illusion of drinking eight glasses of water is found throughout the world daily. For many decades, this idea is so powerful that we see the quality so we are badly affected by water scarcity. Experts believe that we need water as much as the body needs.

We have learned in thousands of years of evolutionary journey to make water balance, says Aron Rosenberg, a Tufts University expert in the United States. Today the human body has great potential to balance the water.

In order to maintain the temperature of our body, water is also very important to maintain the joints. Chemical changes within the body are not possible without water.

The brain is immediately known as any healthy body needs water. The brain feels thirsty to humans. A hormone of the brain also indicates kidneys to reduce the amount of water out of the urine and save water.

Courtney Kipps, a UK doctor and health adviser said, "If you listen to your body, then it tells you when it is thirsty. The thinking of people is wrong that thirsty means drinking water is too late. For thousands of years, man has come down their thirst on such symptoms.

It is wrong to think that your body will give a false indication of a water shortage. If your body works correctly in all other cases, then how can it be wrong for thirst?"

It is best to drink water when thirsty. But we can reduce water shortage by Drinking tea and other things like Coffee, and cold drinks. Caffeine may have some side effects, but many investigations indicate that tea and coffee are adequate to reduce water.

Drinking water is good for health

Scientists still did not get the evidence that much water you should drink. They think to drink water when you feel thirsty. There are also some benefits in avoiding lightweight thirsty stage. According to some analyses, it facilitates brain to work.

Experts believe that lightweight thirst or water scarcity is very common and disadvantaged people do not realize this stage and such a reduction also affects your mood and energy.

By drinking water regularly we can also reduce weight. Brenda Devi of Virginia Polytechnic Institute of America says that more water consumers lose weight faster than fewer water consumers. One idea is that drinking water well, keep your skin clean, but the scientists have not found any evidence.

Is much water is really good for health?

Those of us who drink eight glasses each day is not harming. But there may be a slight loss of drinking water than the demand of the body. It reduces sodium in the body. Sodium deficiency causes brain and lung swelling. Dr Courtney Kipps told that we are going to lose water by ourselves by ignoring the gestures of the body, it can be harmful.

According to Dr Kipps, at least fifteen athletes have died since drinking more water during an event in the last decade. He said that because of this it is unbelievable on the body of your body and drink more than that which you ask.

Johanna is a British Athlete. He participated in the London Marathon of the year 2018. Meanwhile, she drinks much water. After the race was over, their friends gave her more water. Then she became unconscious for drinking more water.

Their friends take to hospital in the ambulance and she remains unconscious for two days. Johanna says that every friend gives the same advice to drink more water during the marathon. Now she tells people that excessive drinking of water can be harmful.
Leading magazine "Money" has declared Mansa Musa as the richest person of history. He was born in 1280 and passed away in 1337. Their introduction is that they were obedient to Timbuktu.

Mansa Musa Was The King Of Mali Empire

Mansa Musa was a Muslim and so fierce heart. He ruled on the Mali Empire during the period when he contains minerals and rich gold reserves. That was the time when gold demand in the whole world was at its height. His original name was Musa but after the throne, he was called Mansa, which means the "King."

The wealth of Mansa Musa of Mali was too vast to be imagined. Today area of Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria, and Chad was the part of the kingdom of Musa.

He built many mosques, some of whom are still present. It is difficult to estimate the money of Mansa Musa today. Yet, according to an estimate, their wealth was equal to $430 billion. Amazon founder Jeff Bezos has recently been ranked the richest man in world whose wealth estimate is estimated at the $106 billion, while he had more wealth than Jeff Bezos.

If inflation is not brought in for this, Jeff Bezos has the most wealth at this time. But if inflation is kept in mind, even the Mansa Musa wealth is more than any living or dead wealthy. By comparing wealthy people, we find that the Rothschild family had a wealth of US $300 billion, while John D Rockefeller had a wealth of $340 billion.

The famous story of the Mansa Musa era is their Pilgrimage. This is an event of 1324. He also captured the attention of the Arab world when he left his home in the West African kingdom of Mali to make a Pilgrimage. In this journey, he had fixed a distance of 6,500 km.

His caravan consisted of 60,000 people including 12,000, were their personal followers. He used to have a handful of 500 people who had a golden stick in the hands of the horse riding.

He was so fierce heart that when he passed through Egypt it is said that he gave so many donations to the poor that the area was inflated. Due to this journey of Mansa Musa, his story of wealth came to Europe, and European People came to see only how much money they had and what is being said to what extent the truth is.

When his property was confirmed, then the fate of the financial empire and its king was included in Catalan Atlas, which included all the places known at that time.

Rudolph Ware the professor of history in the University of Michigan in Money Magazine, says: It is a matter of richest person in history who has so much wealth to make it difficult for him to think that he is very rich.
Khalifa Belqasim Haftar was a member of this group of officers headed by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, who had rebelled against the Idris Senussi of Libya in 1969 and occupied power.

Khalifa Haftar

General Haftar devotes his life to end the Libyan leader. In the late 1980s, Haftar visited the United States where he came close to the CIA.

General Haftar Rise and Fall

General Haftar was born in 1943, he participated in the war against Israel in 1973. In 1987, he was given the responsibility of military action against Chad as acknowledging his services. But this appointment was the beginning of the end of his military career.

In 1987, with over 300 soldiers, they defeated the Chad army and they were captured as prisoners. Gaddafi expelled Haftar, then he went against the Gaddafi.

After the revolt against Gaddafi in 2011, he returned to Libya and soon became one of the main leaders of the opposition forces in the eastern part of the country. During the rebellion, he fought with Islamic opposition groups.

In the Middle East against bin Ghazi and armed Islamic groups, as well as the opposition of the Islamists in Libya, including the Muslim Brotherhood groups, received themselves in the support of the United Arab Emirates and Egypt.

Shortly after that, Haftar again reached the place in February 2014 when he became famous for the project "to offer his plan to save the country". They gathered the Libyans for making National Congress.

After the announcement of control of Bin Ghazi city, another major city in Libya, local groups including Islamic militants started their support. He also attacked the Parliament building in the capital Tripoli.

In March 2015, the new House of Representatives, which was set up at the National General Congress, set them as commander of the army in chief. In September 2016, Haftar led military action to control Libya's south of the art oil installations.

Haftar did not recognize the National Reconciliation Government, which was headed by Fies al Siraj, who acknowledged the international community Libyan Prime Minister. Siraj insisted that the leadership of the army is under his government.

However, according to a joint statement, Siraj and Haftar agreed in May 2017 that the country's crisis would work together to eliminate the crisis, but the deal has not been implemented. In the summer of 2017, rumours were spread over their health.

But later we found out that he is entering a hospital in France. At that time the French Foreign Minister told the National Assembly that Haftar health is well and he is under treatment in the French military hospital.

General Haftar Supporters

General Haftar is now mounting on Tripoli, but the United Nations, including the G7, has warned him. However, despite all the conflicts, observers say Egypt and the United Arab Emirates are supporters of the General Haftar.

During this period, General Haftar also met with Saudi Arabia's Vice President Prince Mohammad Bin Salman.
Unhealthy diets are responsible for 11m preventable deaths globally per year, more even than smoking tobacco, according to the latest study.

Eating and drinking better could prevent one in five early deaths. The Global Burden of Disease Study looked at dietary consumption between 1990 and 2017 in 195 countries, focusing on 15 types of food or nutrients.

Bad Eating Habits and How They Affect Your Diet

In a paper that features in The Lancet, the study investigators conclude that, due to its contribution to noncommunicable diseases, poor diet accounted for 1 in 5, or 11 million, adult deaths in 2017. While sugar and trans-fats are harmful, more deaths are caused by the absence of healthy foods in our diet, the study found.

But the biggest problem is not the junk we eat but the nutritious food we don’t eat say, researchers, calling for a global shift in policy to promote vegetables, fruit, nuts and legumes.

Ranking the countries from lowest to highest rates of diet-related deaths puts Israel first, with 89 deaths per 100,000 people, and Uzbekistan last, with 892 per 100,000. The United States, with 171 deaths per 100,000, comes in at 43rd place and the United Kingdom at 23rd, with 127 deaths per 100,000.

India is in 118th place, and China is in 140th. The vast majority of those deaths, around 10 million, were from cardiovascular disease. Heart attacks and strokes are the main diet-related causes of death, followed by cancers and type 2 diabetes, say researchers.

Latest Study about Eating and Drinking

The latest study found that eating and drinking better could prevent one in five deaths around the world. Although diets vary from one country to another, eating too few fruits and vegetables and too much sodium (salt) accounted for half of all deaths and two-thirds of the years of disability attributable to diet.

The study author Dr Christopher J. L. Murray, who is director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington in Seattle, "affirms what many have thought for several years that poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world."

Countries that have a mainly Mediterranean diet eat more fruit, vegetables, nuts and legumes, said Dr Ashkan Afshin of the IHME, naming Lebanon, Iran and Israel among the better performers. “But no country has an optimal level of consumption of all the healthy foods.

Even in countries that have a Mediterranean diet, the current intake of many other dietary factors is not optimal.” The paper is the most comprehensive analysis on the health effects of diet ever conducted, says the IHME.

They found that the global diet in 2017 contained less than the ideal amounts of nearly all healthful food items. Consumption of milk was only 16 percent of optimal intake and whole grains was only 23 percent.

The biggest deficiency was in nuts and seeds, milk, and whole grains. Consumption of nuts and seeds, for instance, was on average only 3 grams (g) per day, or around 12 percent of the optimal intake. An important finding of the study was that insufficient intake of healthful foods could be just as, if not more, damaging than eating too many unhealthful foods.

Tobacco was associated with 8m deaths, and high blood pressure was linked to 10.4m deaths. Poor diets were responsible for 10.9m deaths, or 22% of all deaths among adults in 2017. Cardiovascular disease was the leading cause, followed by cancers and diabetes. Nearly half – 45% – were in people younger than 70.

The authors note that the diets that related to the most deaths were "high in sodium, low in whole grains, low in fruit, low in nuts and seeds, low in vegetables, and low in omega-3 fatty acids."

Dr Murray says that these results contrast with the fact that, over the last 20 years, policy discussions have tended to focus more on restricting unhealthful foods.  Prof Walter Willett from Harvard University said that the findings were consistent with a recently published analysis of the benefits for cardiovascular health of replacing red meat with plant sources of protein.

He and his colleagues suggest that campaigns should concentrate on rebalancing diets. They also urge that any changes to food production and distribution aimed to achieve this must consider the environmental impact on the climate, water, land and soil.

Tom Sanders, a professor emeritus of nutrition and dietetics at King’s College London, said the analysis put too much emphasis on individual components rather than the overall diet. “Obesity is a major driver for risk of type 2 diabetes as well as cancer and the health evidence for this relationship is strong.

Obesity is caused by eating more food energy than required rather than specific dietary components such as sugar. Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit at the University of Cambridge in the U.K. agree with the authors in that "in a global context" and despite its limitations, the study offers "evidence to shift the focus" from restricting unhealthful food items to increasing healthful ones.

The trend for populations to become increasingly sedentary is a major reason why there is an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure but increased availability of foods with a high energy density (more calories/gram) makes it too easy to overeat.

They suggest that it confirms a need to emphasize foods rather than nutrients. However, they also highlight some of the challenges of shifting the global diet toward a more healthful one, such as the "prohibitive" costs of fruits and vegetables.

The paper also highlights the production, distribution, and consumption of healthy foods across all nations. While sodium, fat, and sugar have been the focus of policy debates over the past two decades, our assessment suggests the leading dietary risk factors are low intake of healthy foods or high intake of sodium, such as whole grains, nuts, fruit, vegetables and seeds.